You’ve done the right thing by calling 9-1-1. Do not leave the person alone. There are a few things you can do while you wait for the ambulance to arrive. Don’t be afraid to ask friends for help.
Things you CAN do to help while you wait:
- Stay calm and stay with the person, checking if they’re okay.
- Keep the person comfortable.
- Stay with a person who is vomiting. If you lay them down, make sure they are lying on their side to prevent choking.
- If the person’s temperature is abnormal, try to maintain a normal body temperature until help arrives (use blankets, wet washcloths, etc.)
- If the person keeps falling asleep, wake them often to make sure they are not unconscious and check their breathing.
Things that do NOT help alcohol poisoning:
- Do not make them throw up. The person’s gag reflex is impaired and they can choke on their own vomit or accidentally inhale vomit into their lungs. This can cause permanent lung injury or death.
- Do not force the person to drink coffee, water, or other beverages. Drinking other beverages will not prevent the absorption of alcohol into the blood- stream and it will not help.
- Do not laugh, ridicule, provoke, anger or threaten the person.
- Do not force feed them bread or other food. Alcohol depresses the nerves that control the gag reflex. Someone who is drunk will have a higher likelihood of choking on food. Alcohol is already in the person’s system so food will not help.
- Do not give the person a cold shower. The shock may cause the person to pass out, and getting the person in and out of a shower increases the chance of them falling down.
- Do not make the person walk, run or exercise. Alcohol has already been absorbed into their system, and forcing them to exercise will not help.
Things that do NOT help drug overdose:
- Do not let the person sleep it off.
- Do not inject the person with water, salty water, milk, other drugs, or anything else. This will not balance them out and can cause other problems.
- Do not slap the person too hard in attempts to wake them up. Slapping them harder will not help.
- Do not waste time trying to induce vomiting or walk them outside.
- Do not put anything in anyone’s mouth if they are having a seizure.
- Do not force the person to eat or drink
- Do not put the person in the shower. The water temperature can send them into shock and it can be dangerous to get them in and out of the shower.